The APA is the American Psychological Association. The APA format is a set of style rules to use when writing papers in the allied health fields. It includes rules about your paper's title page and sections, but it also tells you exactly how to cite the sources you use. You are required to follow the APA format; it's not optional. Following these guidelines is an important part of avoiding plagiarism.
For detailed information, check out the links and information below.
An in-text citation and a reference citation will be needed for each source you borrow an idea from. Any website, book, or article you quote, summarize, or paraphrase will need to have a these two items.
An in-text citation goes right after a borrowed idea within papers body. It gives just enough to tell the reader which source it is from on the reference page. APA in Minutes is a video from Humber Library for a step-by-step guide. Additional examples are below.
(Author's last name, year, page #)
"Advertising really began to increase in the 19th century with the advent of the industrial age. Populations increased, and more and more products came on the market" (Ferguson, 2016, p. 51).
(Author's last name, year)
As goods became more readily available for purchase during the industrial age, producers really began to increase their advertising to the masses (Ferguson, 2016).
Reference citations belong on a separate References page at the end of your document. There should be a reference citation that corresponds to each different in-text citation within the body of a paper. To create a References page, follow these steps:
Create a new blank page at the end of a document
Type the word References at the top center of the page. Do not bold or italicize.
Alphabetize sources by last name of the first author.
Sources by the same author should be categorized from earliest source to most recent (for example, 1999 will come before 2001).
Reference citations go on a separate References page at the end of your paper. Each type of source has a different format that must be copied exactly.
Author, A. (Year). Title of the book. City of publication, State: Publisher.
Sunstein, C.R. (2006). Infotopia: How many minds produce knowledge. New York, NY:
Oxford University Press.
Author, A. (Year). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://urlofthewebsite.com
American Psychological Association (n.d.). Confronting childhood obesity. Retrieved
Author, A. M., Author2, B. (Year). Title of journal article in sentence case.
Title of Journal. Vol.(issue), pages. Retrieved from http://website url.
Piazza, M., Nomo, H., & Valenzuela, F. (2012). Being amazing Dodgers: Why we're
better than everyone else. Journal of Baseball Teams, 23(1), 23-28. Retrieved from
Author, A. A. [User name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved
NASA [NASA video.gov] (2015, August 5). EPIC view of moon transiting
Earth. [YouTube]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?
A hanging indentation means every line after the first line in a citation must be indented. It's required in APA format. But it's pretty easy to do in Microsoft Word. Check out this easy PDF tutorial.
An annotated bibliography is a great research tool. It sounds more difficult than it is. A bibliography is a list of reference citations, just like your References page. An annotated bibliography means that each reference citation is also followed by a short description of the work you are citing. The description is called an annotation.
Your annotation should do the following things:
Note: It is NOT ok to copy the abstract of an article or someone else's summary for your annotation. This is still considered plagiarism.